South Sudan faces a historical famine greater than the 1984 Ethiopian famine, with 3.5 million people already suffering from acute or emergency-level food shortages. People have been displaced in the country by more than five months of fighting, and if a shaky ceasefire does not hold, the South Sudanese will not be able to return home to plant crops before the rains begin.
Donors have already pledged more than $600 million in May to help avert a crisis, U.N. officials told Reuters.
Clashes between South Sudanese government forces and rebels have been ongoing since mid-December. A second ceasefire deal was reached in May after the first one in January collapsed. More than 1.3 million people have been driven from their homes since the conflict resumed.